discover the places where Vincent lived and worked

Boussod, Valadon & Cie III
Paris, France

  • May 12, 1873 - May 18, 1873
  • October 26, 1874 - December 25, 1874
  • May 14, 1875 - March 31, 1876
  • February 26, 1886 - February 19, 1888

The international art dealers Boussod, Valadon & Cie, known as Goupil & Cie until 1884, had three locations in Paris: the headquarters at 9 Rue Chaptal and two galleries at 2 Place de L’Opera and 19 Boulevard Montmartre. Vincent’s brother Theo (1857–1891) became manager of the Boulevard Montmartre branch in 1881. By then, he had eight years of experience with the firm, having begun in 1873 as the youngest clerk in the Brussels branch and gone on to work at the one in The Hague (where Vincent had started).

The firm was known for selling reproductions but also dealt in original works. It occupied a prominent position in the Parisian art world and sold works by well-known artists such as Léon Augustin Lhermitte, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Vittorio Matteo Corcos, Camille Corot, Claude Monet, Charles-François Daubigny and Adolphe Monticelli. The Georges Petit and Durand-Ruel galleries provided formidable competition. Theo’s duties consisted of buying art for the gallery and its clients and looking for new markets.

In 1886, Theo began displaying Impressionist work in the gallery’s mezzanine, helping a new generation of artists to gain visibility. When Vincent lived in Paris, he often went to exhibitions at his brother’s gallery, such as one in December 1887 featuring work by Paul Gauguin, Armand Guillaumin and Camille Pissarro. Yet Theo eventually became unhappy with his job, and Vincent worried about him. By 1890, Theo had had enough. He wrote to Vincent:

“...those rats Boussod & Valadon treat me as if I’d just started working for them and keep me on a leash.” Read the complete letter

Theo resolved to leave Boussod, Valadon & Cie and open his own gallery, but he never got the chance. He died on 25 January 1891, six months after his brother Vincent. 


John Rewald
Theo van Gogh, Goupil and the impressionists
in: Gazette des Beaux arts, 1973

Chris Stolwijk, Richard Thomson, Sjraar van Heugten
Theo van Gogh: 1857-1891: art dealer, collector and brother of Vincent
Amsterdam, 1999

Nienke Bakker
Van Gogh et Montmartre
Bruxelles, 2011

Françoise Cachin and Bogomila Welsh-Ovcharov
Van Gogh à Paris
Parijs, 1988

Ella Hendriks and Louis van Tilborgh
Vincent van Gogh schilderijen, deel 2: Antwerpen en Parijs
Amsterdam, 2011

* Note: Van Gogh Route reserves the right not to post comments it deems unreasonable, negative or otherwise inappropriate for the site. Such comments will be removed.

Tips & remarks