discover the places where Vincent lived and worked

Family Denis
Borinage, Belgium

  • December 23, 1878 - August 1, 1879
  • January 1, 1970

After he arrived in the Borinage, the businessman Benjamin Vanderhaegen helped Vincent to obtain accommodation with the farmer Jean Baptiste Denis and his wife, Estere Fiévez, in Petit-Wasmes. Vincent was by then working as a lay preacher for the Belgian evangelism committee. The rent was a low 30 francs a month because Vincent taught the couple’s children in the evenings. In his free time, he drew maps of Palestine, hoping to sell them to schools and catechism classes. According to accounts, Vincent made drawings of the Denis family, including portraits of Mrs Denis; the grandmother milking cows, making soup and grinding coffee; and the grandfather harnessing the horses. Vincent gave the drawings to the family, but they probably tore them up later.

Vincent permitted himself no luxuries, gave all his clothing away to the sick and ate the simplest food possible. Finding his boarding house too comfortable, he rented a small house to live in instead. His parents so opposed the move that Mr Van Gogh travelled to the Borinage to attempt to change Vincent's mind. He succeeded; in a letter of March 1879, Vincent wrote to his brother Theo:

“Have rented a small house where I’d really like to live entirely on my own, but which now serves only as a workplace or study, because Pa thinks it better that I board with Denis, and I do too. I have prints on the wall there and all sorts of things.”  Read the complete letter

Vincent lived with the Denises through August 1879. After the Belgian evangelism committee failed to renew his contract, he departed for Cuesmes. Vincent retained affection for the family; in a letter to his friend the artist Eugène Boch in 1888, he wrote:

“If you ever go to Petit-Wasmes, would you find out if Jean Baptiste Denis (farmer) and Joseph Quinez (miner) are still living there, and tell them on my behalf that I’ve never forgotten the Borinage, and that I’ll always have a wish to see it again?” Read the complete letter


Georges Duez
Vincent van Gogh au Borinage 
Mons, 1986

Geneviève Eeckaut
Van Gogh au Borinage
Marcinelle, 1990

Sjraar van Heugten (ed.)
Van Gogh in de Borinage: de geboorte van een kunstenaar
Brussel, 2015

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