discover the places where Vincent lived and worked

Marcasse Coalmine
Borinage, Belgium

  • 1 Apr 1879 - 16 Apr 1879

In early April 1879, Vincent descended into the Marcasse coalmine and was given a tour by a man who had worked in the mines for 33 years. The experience left a powerful impression on Vincent, as is evident from his evocative account in a later letter. After the terrifying descent down the mine shaft in a basket, a new world opened before him 700 metres underground:

“This mine has 5 levels, 3 of which, the uppermost ones, are exhausted and abandoned, one no longer works in them because there’s no more coal. If anyone were to try and make a painting of the maintenages, that would be something new and something unheard-of or rather never-before-seen. Imagine a series of cells in a rather narrow and low passageway, supported by rough timber-work. In each of the cells is a worker in a coarse linen suit, dingy and soiled as a chimney-sweep, chipping away at the coal by the dim light of a small lamp. In some of the cells the worker stands upright, in others (‘seams worked lying down’) he lies flat on the ground.

The arrangement is more or less like the cells in a beehive, or like a dark, sombre passageway in an underground prison, or like a series of small looms, or actually they look like a row of ovens such as one sees among the peasants, or like the separate tombs in a vault. The passageways themselves are like the large chimneys of the Brabant farmsteads.” Read the complete letter

As a lay preacher, Vincent considered it important to understand what life was like for the labourers and to see a mine for himself:

“The villages here have something forsaken and still and extinct about them, because life goes on underground instead of above. One could be here for years, but unless one has been down in the mines one has no clear picture of what goes on here.” Read the complete letter


Georges Duez
Vincent van Gogh au Borinage 
Mons, 1986

Geneviève Eeckaut
Van Gogh au Borinage
Marcinelle, 1990

Sjraar van Heugten (ed.)
Van Gogh in de Borinage: de geboorte van een kunstenaar
Brussel, 2015

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