On arriving in Auvers on 20 May 1890, Vincent immediately went to see Dr Paul-Ferdinand Gachet (1828–1909) on the advice of his brother Theo. Gachet acted as Vincent's doctor and confidant. It was vital that he have one, as there was a chance he would suffer further psychotic attacks, as he had in Arles and Saint-Rémy:
With considerable medical experience and a deep interest in art, Gachet, who had been recommended to Theo by the artist Camille Pissarro, seemed right for the job. He painted in his spare time and knew many contemporary artists, including Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir and Paul Cézanne, and collected their work. Vincent felt understood by the eccentric doctor, who bore a striking resemblance to him in both looks and personality. The two became friends, and Vincent often visited Gachet in the former girls' school where he had lived since 1872. Vincent wrote to his brother Theo:
Gachet’s house was filled with antiques; Vincent did not rate all of them highly but considered them useful as inspiration for still lifes and floral works. He made various paintings at the doctor’s house, including Dr Gachet's Garden and one of his daughter, Marguerite Gachet in the Garden. He also painted and etched Gachet’s portrait. The doctor had a printing press in his house, and Vincent planned to make etchings from the paintings he had done in Arles and Saint-Remy and produce prints of them at no cost. He never carried out his plan, however.
When Vincent lay suffering from a gunshot wound to the chest after attempting suicide on 27 July, Dr Gachet came to take care of him. His efforts were futile, however, and Vincent died two days later. Dr Gachet brought sunflowers to Vincent’s funeral and said a brief word. During his life, Vincent had given Gachet a number of his artworks, and after his death, Gachet was given several more.