In early June 1890, Vincent painted the medieval church in Auvers-sur-Oise. He described the painting in a letter to his sister Willemien:
“With that I have a larger painting of the village church – an effect in which the building appears purplish against a sky of a deep and simple blue of pure cobalt, the stained-glass windows look like ultramarine blue patches, the roof is violet and in part orange. In the foreground a little flowery greenery and some sunny pink sand.”
Vincent compared the painting to the studies he had made of the old church in Nuenen.