One of the churches Vincent visited in Antwerp was St Andrew's. He went there because his brother Theo had asked him whether he had seen The Crucifixion (Golgotha) by Frans Francken II (1581–1642), a painting located inside. While the work appealed to Vincent, he wrote:
Vincent was more impressed by a stained-glass window depicting Mary as Star of the Sea, which he called “superb” and “very, very curious”. In this church, Vincent also saw the painting The descent from the Cross, which he took for a seventeenth-century piece but which proved to be the work of his own academy director, Charles Verlat.